Sustainable Gender Equity Influenced by an Americanized Lebanese Pedagogy


  • M Al-Abbas Lebanese American University, Lebanon
  • J Oneissi Lebanese American University, Lebanon



gender equity, women in science, authorship, allyship, scholarly publication


Gender representation and equity is a quintessential aspect of higher education, as research has shown higher level of research engagement between students and faculty of similar ethnicity, culture, or gender. Therefore, to promote increased student engagement and interest in pursuing graduate education across these groups, proper efforts and policies should be put in place to provide equitable and heterogenous representation. This study quantifies the importance of gender representation by employing a bibliometric analysis of female and male student engagement in research led by female or male faculty counterparts. The scope is the Lebanese American University and respective scholarly publications, due to its unique dichotomy of being an American-charted university, with American policies and international faculty, in a patriarchal Middle Eastern country. Our findings demonstrate that in 2020, 72.7% of publications with a female last author had a female first author, while only 52.4% of male last authors had a female first author. Whereas in 2021, the numbers decreased to 57.1% and 33.3%, respectively, likely due to COVID-19 prompting a decrease in published articles in female-led subjects. The elevated frequency of collaboration between first and last female authors illustrates increased engagement between students and faculty of the female gender, heightened by an effort to combat existing inequalities in representation. This is furthered by the comparable frequency of male and female student collaborations with male last authors, which could indicate some form of allyship to promote gender equity in research groups.


Download data is not yet available.




Abi-Gerges, A., Dagher-Hamalian, C., Abou-Khalil, P., Chahine, J. B., Hachem, P., & Khalil, C. (2020). Evaluation of waterpipe smoke toxicity in C57BL/6 mice model. Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 63, 101940.

Ahdab, R., Mansour, A. G., Khazen, G., El-Khoury, C., Sabbouh, T. M., Salem, M., Yamak, W., Ayache, S. S., & Riachi, N. (2019). Cathodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of the Occipital cortex in Episodic Migraine: A Randomized Sham-Controlled Crossover Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9(1), 60.

Al-Abbas, M., Fawaz, W., Ghajar, R., Rjeily, C. A., Ouaiss, I., Nakad, Z., Nasr, G. E., & Saab, S. S. (2020). Toward an Improvement of Engineering Teaming Skills through an In-House Professionalism Course. IEEE Transactions on Education, 63(4), 273–282.

Al-Abbas, M., & Saab, S. S. (2020a, October 22). The Impact of Collaborative Research: A Case Study in a Developing Country. 4th International Symposium on Multidisciplinary Studies and Innovative Technologies, ISMSIT 2020 - Proceedings.

Al-Abbas, M., & Saab, S. S. (2020b, December 30). On the Impact of Multi-Authorship Scholarly Publications. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Advent Trends in Multidisciplinary Research and Innovation, ICATMRI 2020.

Al-Abbas, M., & Saab, S. S. (2021). Quantifying Publisher’s Competence Through Scholarly Engagement. Publishing Research Quarterly, 1–10.

Al-Alam, J., Baroudi, F., Chbani, A., Fajloun, Z., & Millet, M. (2020). A multiresidue method for the analysis of pesticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls in snails used as environmental biomonitors. Journal of Chromatography A, 1621.

Al Haddad, M., El-Rif, R., Hanna, S., Jaafar, L., Dennaoui, R., Abdellatef, S., Miskolci, V., Cox, D., Hodgson, L., & El-Sibai, M. (2020). Differential regulation of rho GTPases during lung adenocarcinoma migration and invasion reveals a novel role of the tumor suppressor StarD13 in invadopodia regulation. Cell Communication and Signaling, 18(1), 1–20.

Al Khoury, C. (2021). Molecular insight into the endophytic growth of Beauveria bassiana within Phaseolus vulgaris in the presence or absence of Tetranychus urticae. Molecular Biology Reports, 48(3), 2485–2496.

Antar, E., & Elkhoury, M. (2020). Casing optimization of a Savonius wind turbine. Energy Reports, 6, 184–189.

Antounian, C., Dah, M. A., & Harakeh, M. (2021). Excessive managerial entrenchment, corporate governance, and firm performance. Research in International Business and Finance, 56, 101392.

Aoun Barakat, K., Dabbous, A., & Tarhini, A. (2021). An empirical approach to understanding users’ fake news identification on social media. Online Information Review.

Assaad, J. J., Nasr, D., Gerges, N., & Issa, C. (2021). Use of Soft Computing Techniques to Predict the Bond to Reinforcing Bars of Underwater Concrete. International Journal of Civil Engineering, 19(6), 669–683.

Assaker, G., O’Connor, P., & El-Haddad, R. (2020). Examining an integrated model of green image, perceived quality, satisfaction, trust, and loyalty in upscale hotels. Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management, 29(8), 934–955.

Assi, C., Bonnel, F., Mansour, J., Mares, O., & Yammine, K. (2021). Morphometric analysis of all 24 hip muscles: A cadaveric study of 18 hip specimens with proposal of a new classification of muscles. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 43(1), 63–72.

Assi, C., Mansour, J., Samaha, C., Ajjoub, S., & Yammine, K. (2020). A single antegrade intramedullary k-wire for fifth metacarpal neck fractures. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 46(2), 389–395.

Bacha, N. N., & Bahous, R. (2013). Cultures of Learning in Academia: A Lebanese Case Study. In Researching Cultures of Learning (pp. 116–135). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Bernardi, K., Lyons, N. B., Huang, L., Holihan, J. L., Olavarria, O. A., Martin, A. C., Milton, A. N., Loor, M. M., Zheng, F., Tyson, J. E., Ko, T. C., & Liang, M. K. (2020). Gender Disparity in Authorship of Peer-Reviewed Medical Publications. American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 360(5), 511–516.

Berro, J., Akel, M., Hallit, S., & Obeid, S. (2021). Relationships between inappropriate eating habits and problematic alcohol use, cigarette and waterpipe dependence among male adolescents in Lebanon. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1–8.

Bilen, M., Ibrahim, P., Barmo, N., Abou Haidar, E., Karnib, N., El Hayek, L., Khalifeh, M., Jabre, V., Houbeika, R., Stephan, J. S., & Sleiman, S. F. (2020). Methionine mediates resilience to chronic social defeat stress by epigenetic regulation of NMDA receptor subunit expression. Psychopharmacology, 237(10), 3007–3020.

Bouclaous, C. H., Alrazim, A., Chababi, J., Jamaleddine, W., Nassar, E., Maalouf, A., Dakour Aridy, S., Naccache, M., Abboud, D. M., Assi, M., & Slika, M. (2021). Association between sources of sexuality education, sexual beliefs and behaviours in Lebanese young adults: a university-based cross-sectional study. Sex Education, 21(1), 1–12.

Bouri, E., Gupta, R., Pierdzioch, C., & Salisu, A. A. (2021). El Niño and forecastability of oil-price realized volatility. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 144(3–4), 1173–1180.

Bouri, E., Lucey, B., Saeed, T., & Vo, X. V. (2021). The realized volatility of commodity futures: Interconnectedness and determinants. International Review of Economics and Finance, 73, 139–151.

Bouri, E., Saeed, T., Vo, X. V., & Roubaud, D. (2021). Quantile connectedness in the cryptocurrency market. Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, 71, 101302.

Chmaisani, W., & Elmoussaoui, S. (2021). Theoretical study of laser cooling of the TlF+molecular ion. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 23(2), 1718–1726.

Conley, D., & Stadmark, J. (2012). Gender matters: A call to commission more women writers. In Nature (Vol. 488, Issue 7413, p. 590). Nature Publishing Group.

Dabbous, A., & Tarhini, A. (2021). Does sharing economy promote sustainable economic development and energy efficiency? Evidence from OECD countries. Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, 6(1), 58–68.

Dagher-Hamalian, C., Stephan, J., Zeeni, N., Harhous, Z., Shebaby, W. N., Abdallah, M. S., & Faour, W. H. (2020). Ghrelin-induced multi-organ damage in mice fed obesogenic diet. Inflammation Research, 69(10), 1019–1026.

Di Lernia, V., & Ricci, C. (2015). Fluconazole-induced acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis. Indian Journal of Dermatology, 60(2), 212.

Diab, S., Yu, M., & Wang, S. (2020). CDK7 Inhibitors in Cancer Therapy: The Sweet Smell of Success? In Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (Vol. 63, Issue 14, pp. 7458–7474). American Chemical Society.

Dibeh, G., Fakih, A., Marrouch, W., & Matar, G. (2021). Who Cares About Environmental Quality in the MENA Region? Social Indicators Research, 1–27.

Djoundourian, S. S. (2021). Response of the Arab world to climate change challenges and the Paris agreement. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 1–23.

Doumit, R., Kazandjian, C., & Militello, L. K. (2020). COPE for Adolescent Syrian Refugees in Lebanon: A Brief Cognitive–Behavioral Skill-Building Intervention to Improve Quality of Life and Promote Positive Mental Health. Clinical Nursing Research, 29(4), 226–234.

EL-CHAMI, D., AL HADDAD, M., ABI-HABIB, R., & EL-SIBAI, M. (2021). Recombinant anthrax lethal toxin inhibits cell motility and invasion in breast cancer cells through the dysregulation of Rho GTPases. Oncology Letters, 21(2).

El-Mais, N., Fakhoury, I., Abdellatef, S., Abi-Habib, R., & El-Sibai, M. (2021). Human recombinant arginase I [HuArgI (Co)-PEG5000]-induced arginine depletion inhibits ovarian cancer cell adhesion and migration through autophagy-mediated inhibition of RhoA. Journal of Ovarian Research, 14(1).

El-Rajab, M., & Abou-Rjeily, C. (2021). Impact of relay placement in three-hop buffer-aided FSO systems: An approximate performance analysis approach. Physical Communication, 45, 101276.

El Hajj, C., Walrand, S., Helou, M., & Yammine, K. (2020). Effect of vitamin D supplementation on inflammatory markers in non-obese lebanese patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized controlled trial. Nutrients, 12(7), 1–12.

Elaridi, J., Dimassi, H., Al Yamani, O., Estephan, M., & Hassan, H. F. (2021). Determination of lead, cadmium and arsenic in infant formula in the Lebanese market. Food Control, 123, 107750.

Elaridi, J., Dimassi, H., Estephan, M., & Hassan, H. F. (2020). Determination of aluminum, chromium, and barium concentrations in infant formula marketed in Lebanon. Journal of Food Protection, 83(10), 1738–1744.

Eslami, H., Najem, S., Ghanem, D. A., & Ahmad, A. (2021). The potential of urban distributed solar energy in transition economies: The case of Beirut city. Journal of Environmental Management, 285.

Fakhoury, T. (2021). Refugee return and fragmented governance in the host state: displaced Syrians in the face of Lebanon’s divided politics. Third World Quarterly, 42(1), 162–180.

Farah, M. F., & Ramadan, Z. B. (2020). Viability of Amazon’s driven innovations targeting shoppers’ impulsiveness. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 53, 101973.

Farah, M. F., & Shahzad, M. F. (2020). Fast-food addiction and anti-consumption behaviour: The moderating role of consumer social responsibility. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 44(4), 379–392.

Farah, N., & Ghadboun, A. (2021). The MINC proximity function for fractured reservoirs flow modeling with non-uniform block distribution. Oil and Gas Science and Technology, 76, 20.

Feghali, R., Merhi, G., Kwasiborski, A., Hourdel, V., Ghosn, N., & Tokajian, S. (2021). Genomic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of the first SARS-CoV-2 variants introduced in Lebanon. PeerJ, 9, 19.

Hanna, R., Abdallah, J., & Abou-Antoun, T. (2021). A Novel Mechanism of 17-AAG Therapeutic Efficacy on HSP90 Inhibition in MYCN-Amplified Neuroblastoma Cells. Frontiers in Oncology, 10, 1.

Harhous, Z., Faour, W. H., & El Zein, N. (2021). VIP modulates human macrophages phenotype via FPRL1 via activation of RhoA-GTPase and PLC pathways. Inflammation Research, 70(3), 309–321.

Hodroj, M. H., Al Bast, N. A. H., Taleb, R. I., Borjac, J., & Rizk, S. (2020). Nettle tea inhibits growth of acute myeloid leukemia cells in vitro by promoting apoptosis. Nutrients, 12(9), 1–18.

Huang, J., Gates, A. J., Sinatra, R., & Barabási, A. L. (2020). Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(9), 4609–4616.

Idriss, M., Hodroj, M. H., Fakhoury, R., & Rizk, S. (2020). Beta-tocotrienol exhibits more cytotoxic effects than gamma-tocotrienol on breast cancer cells by promoting apoptosis via a P53-independent PI3- kinase dependent pathway. Biomolecules, 10(4).

Issa, E., Merhi, G., Panossian, B., Salloum, T., & Tokajian, S. (2020). SARS-CoV-2 and ORF3a: Nonsynonymous Mutations, Functional Domains, and Viral Pathogenesis. MSystems, 5(3).

Issa, J. S., & Habchi, W. (2020). Influence of realistic lubricant density-pressure dependence on the stiffness of elastohydrodynamic lubricated contacts. Journal of Tribology, 142(3).

Itani, O. S., & Chaker, N. N. (2021). Harnessing the Power Within: The Consequences of Salesperson Moral Identity and the Moderating Role of Internal Competitive Climate. Journal of Business Ethics, 1, 3.

Jaafar, L., Fakhoury, I., Saab, S., El-Hajjar, L., Abou-Kheir, W., & El-Sibai, M. (2021). StarD13 differentially regulates migration and invasion in prostate cancer cells. Human Cell, 34(2), 607–623.

Jardaly, A., & Gilbert, S. R. (2021). Combined antegrade femur lengthening and distal deformity correction: a case series. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, 16(1), 1–7.

Karaoui, L. R., Ramia, E., Mansour, H., Haddad, N., & Chamoun, N. (2021). Impact of pharmacist-conducted anticoagulation patient education and telephone follow-up on transitions of care: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Health Services Research, 21(1), 1–12.

Khalife, J. J., Abbas, M. Al, & Saab, S. S. (2020). Formation of policies guided by multivariable control theory. Operations Research Perspectives, 7, 100148.

Khalifeh, M., Hobeika, R., El Hayek, L., Saad, J., Eid, F., El-Khoury, R., Ghayad, L. M., Jabre, V., Nasrallah, P., Barmo, N., Stephan, J. S., Khnayzer, R., Khalil, C., & Sleiman, S. F. (2020). Nicotine induces resilience to chronic social defeat stress in a mouse model of water pipe tobacco exposure by activating BDNF signaling. Behavioural Brain Research, 382.

Khalil, C., Chahine, J. B., Haykal, T., Al Hageh, C., Rizk, S., & Khnayzer, R. S. (2021). E-cigarette aerosol induced cytotoxicity, DNA damages and late apoptosis in dynamically exposed A549 cells. Chemosphere, 263, 127874.

Khoury, M. El, Haykal, T., Hodroj, M. H., Najem, S. A., Sarkis, R., Taleb, R. I., & Rizk, S. (2020). Malva pseudolavatera leaf extract promotes ROS induction leading to apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia cells in vitro. Cancers, 12(2), 435.

Kosmulski, M. (2012). The order in the lists of authors in multi-author papers revisited. Journal of Informetrics, 6(4), 639–644.

Maalouf, J. T., Combs, J., Gillis, W. E., & Perryman, A. (2020). Replicate or adapt? Franchising and organizational routines. Journal of Knowledge Management, 24(4), 775–798.

Makke, G., Bitar, I., Salloum, T., Panossian, B., Alousi, S., Arabaghian, H., Medvecky, M., Hrabak, J., Merheb-Ghoussoub, S., & Tokajian, S. (2020). Whole-Genome-Sequence-Based Characterization of Extensively Drug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Hospital Outbreak. MSphere, 5(1).

Mansour, N., Bodman-Smith, K., Khnayzer, R. S., & Daher, C. F. (2021). A photoactivatable Ru (II) complex bearing 2,9-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline: A potent chemotherapeutic drug inducing apoptosis in triple negative human breast adenocarcinoma cells. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 336.

Mehanna, S., Bodman-Smith, K., Daher, C. F., & Khnayzer, R. S. (2020). Rapid quantification of ruthenium(II) polypyridyl anti-cancer drugs using a selective ligand dissociation LC-MS/MS method. Analytical Methods, 12(37), 4517–4525.

Melki, J., & Hitti, E. (2021). The Domestic Tethering of Lebanese and Arab Women Journalists and News Managers. Journalism Practice, 15(3), 288–307.

Metcalfe, B. D. (2008). Women, management and globalization in the Middle East. In Journal of Business Ethics (Vol. 83, Issue 1, pp. 85–100). Springer.

Morley, L. (2014). Lost leaders: Women in the global academy. Higher Education Research and Development, 33(1), 114–128.

Mourad, A., Tout, H., Wahab, O. A., Otrok, H., & Dbouk, T. (2021). Ad Hoc Vehicular Fog Enabling Cooperative Low-Latency Intrusion Detection. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 8(2), 829–843.

Moussa, J., Panossian, B., Nassour, E., Salloum, T., Abboud, E., & Tokajian, S. (2020). Detailed characterization of an IncFII plasmid carrying blaOXA-48 from Lebanon. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 75(9), 2462–2465.

Mrad, M., Majdalani, J., Cui, C. C., & El Khansa, Z. (2020). Brand addiction in the contexts of luxury and fast-fashion brands. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 55, 102089.

Nader, J., Afif, C., & Louka, N. (2021). Impact of a novel partial defatting technology on oxidative stability and sensory properties of peanut kernels. Food Chemistry, 334, 127581.

Nasreddine, G., El-Sibai, M., & Abi-Habib, R. J. (2020). Cytotoxicity of [HuArgI (co)-PEG5000]-induced arginine deprivation to ovarian Cancer cells is autophagy dependent. Investigational New Drugs, 38(1), 10–19.

Nielsen, M. W., Alegria, S., Börjeson, L., Etzkowitz, H., Falk-Krzesinski, H. J., Joshi, A., Leahey, E., Smith-Doerr, L., Woolley, A. W., & Schiebinger, L. (2017). Gender diversity leads to better science. In Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Vol. 114, Issue 8, pp. 1740–1742). National Academy of Sciences.

O’Connor, P., & Assaker, G. (2021). COVID-19’s effects on future pro-environmental traveler behavior: an empirical examination using norm activation, economic sacrifices, and risk perception theories. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Said Saab, S., Hauser, M., Ray, A., & Saab, S. S. (2021). Multivariable Nonadaptive Controller Design. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 68(7), 6181–6191.

Saliba, E., Sayad, A., Alameddine, L., El-Haddad, K., & Tannous, Z. (2021). Mycoplasma pneumonia and atypical acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 41, 266.e3-266.e5.

Salloum, T., Moussa, R., Rahy, R., Deek, J. Al, Khalifeh, I., Hajj, R. El, Hall, N., Hirt, R. P., & Tokajian, S. (2020). Expanded genome-wide comparisons give novel insights into population structure and genetic heterogeneity of leishmania tropica complex. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 14(9), 1–27.

Salloum, T., Panossian, B., Bitar, I., Bitar, I., Hrabak, J., Hrabak, J., Araj, G. F., & Tokajian, S. (2020). First report of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance mcr-8.1 gene from a clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate from Lebanon. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 9(1), 1–7.

Sami, H., & Mourad, A. (2020). Dynamic On-Demand Fog Formation Offering On-the-Fly IoT Service Deployment. IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, 17(2), 1026–1039.

Sanchez-Ruiz, M. J., El Ahmad, P., Karam, M., & Saliba, M. A. (2021). Rape myth acceptance in Lebanon: The role of sexual assault experience/familiarity, sexism, honor beliefs, and the Dark Triad. Personality and Individual Differences, 170, 110403.

Sarouphim, K. M., & Kassem, S. (2020). Use of the portage curriculum to impact child and parent outcome in an early intervention program in Lebanon. Early Years.

Sayyed, K., Hdayed, I., Tabcheh, M., Abdel-Razzak, Z., & El-Bitar, H. (2020). Antioxidant properties of the Lebanese plant Iris x germanica L. crude extracts and antagonism of chlorpromazine toxicity on Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Drug and Chemical Toxicology.

Shebaby, W., Elias, A., Mroueh, M., Nehme, B., El Jalbout, N. D., Iskandar, R., Daher, J. C., Zgheib, M., Ibrahim, P., Dwairi, V., Saad, J. M., Taleb, R. I., & Daher, C. F. (2020). Himachalol induces apoptosis in B16-F10 murine melanoma cells and protects against skin carcinogenesis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 253.

Shebaby, W., Saliba, J., Faour, W. H., Ismail, J., El Hage, M., Daher, C. F., Taleb, R. I., Nehmeh, B., Dagher, C., Chrabieh, E., & Mroueh, M. (2021). In vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activity evaluation of Lebanese Cannabis sativa L. ssp. indica (Lam.). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 270.

Sheltzer, J. M., & Smith, J. C. (2014). Elite male faculty in the life sciences employ fewer women. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(28), 10107–10112.

Shen, H. (2013). Inequality quantified: Mind the gender gap. In Nature (Vol. 494, Issue 7439, pp. 22–24).

Stratcom. (2019). About Title IX - Equity and Inclusion at LAU. Lebanese American University.

Sweidan, Z., Islambouli, R., & Sharafeddine, S. (2020). Optimized flow assignment for applications with strict reliability and latency constraints using path diversity. Journal of Computational Science, 44, 101163.

Tannous, H., Istrate, D., Perrochon, A., Daviet, J. C., Benlarbi-Delai, A., Sarrazin, J., Ho Ba Tho, M. C., & Dao, T. T. (2021). GAMEREHAB@HOME: A New Engineering System Using Serious Game and Multisensor Fusion for Functional Rehabilitation at Home. IEEE Transactions on Games, 13(1), 89–98.

Tarhini, A., Balozain, P., & Srour, F. J. (2021). Emergency management system design for accurate data: a cognitive analytics management approach. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 34(2), 697–717.

Tay, B., & Mourad, A. (2020). Intelligent Performance-Aware Adaptation of Control Policies for Optimizing Banking Teller Process Using Machine Learning. IEEE Access.

Tohme, P., Grey, I., & Abi-Habib, R. (2020). The Mental States Task (MST): Correlates and New Perspectives on Mentalizing in a Lebanese Student Sample. Journal of Personality Assessment.

Tscharntke, T., Hochberg, M. E., Rand, T. A., Resh, V. H., & Krauss, J. (2007). Author sequence and credit for contributions in multiauthored publications. In PLoS Biology (Vol. 5, Issue 1, pp. 0013–0014). Public Library of Science.

USAID. (2019). Gender Analysis of Basic Public Education in Lebanon.

Wahab, O. A., Bentahar, J., Otrok, H., & Mourad, A. (2021). Resource-Aware Detection and Defense System against Multi-Type Attacks in the Cloud: Repeated Bayesian Stackelberg Game. IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing, 18(2), 605–622.

Wakim, V., Abi Khalil, E., Salloum, A. K., Khazen, G., Ghassibe-Sabbagh, M., & Zalloua, P. A. (2021). New susceptibility alleles associated with severe coronary artery stenosis in the Lebanese population. BMC Medical Genomics, 14(1), 1–11.

West, J. D., Jacquet, J., King, M. M., Correll, S. J., & Bergstrom, C. T. (2013). The Role of Gender in Scholarly Authorship. PLoS ONE, 8(7), e66212.

Wren, J. D., Kozak, K. Z., Johnson, K. R., Deakyne, S. J., Schilling, L. M., & Dellavalle, R. P. (2007). The write position. A survey of perceived contributions to papers based on byline position and number of authors. In EMBO Reports (Vol. 8, Issue 11, pp. 988–991). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Yacoubian, H. A. (2021). Students’ Views of Nature of Science: A Long-term Study. Science and Education, 30(2), 381–408.

Yammine, K., & Assi, C. (2020). Educational assessment of the major lower limb amputations videos on YouTube. Vascular, 28(5), 536–541.




How to Cite

Al-Abbas, M., & Oneissi, J. (2021). Sustainable Gender Equity Influenced by an Americanized Lebanese Pedagogy. Proceedings of the World Conference on Women’s Studies, 6(01), 28–43.