IDENTIFICATION OF RISK POTENTIALS OF DEGENERATIVE DISEASES AMONG THE COASTAL COMMUNITY IN JEMBER AND BANYUWANGI DISTRICT, EAST JAVA PROVINCE
Keywords:degenerative, Fisherman, Coastal, Health risk, Community
Degenerative disease is a disease caused by tissue/organ deteriorates and loses its functional ability. Coastal community mostly worked as fishermen and fishmonger, that rely heavily on physical strength because of the high workload of outdoor activities. These activities may lead to premature degenerative disease. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to explore the potential risks of degenerative diseases among the coastal community. The survey was carried out from Jember and Banyuwangi District, Indonesia during May-June 2021 on the population of the coastal community. We used cluster random sampling as a sampling technique, resulted 194 respondents. Then it was analyzed descriptively. The results stated that the respondents were on reproductive age and most of them did not have a family history of degenerative diseases. For risk potentials: BMI of 46.9% respondents was normal (18.5-22.9). 87.3% of them had a smoking habit with 10-19 cigarette sticks/day. Majority (40.2%) started smoking at 15-18 years old. Most of them (83%) also were exposed to cigarette smoke. More than half (57.2%) routinely did strenuous activity. Most of them (60.8%) work outside with average sun exposure of >5 hours/day. Most of them consumed seafood (70.1%) and vegetable (60.3%) as daily intake. However, mostly never restricted salt intake for their food/cooking (49.4%) and sometimes still consumed fatty food (59.2%) and meat fat (88.1%). Therefore, their strenuous physical activity, excessive sun exposure, and unhealthy lifestyle can cause degenerative of the organ and tissue that could lead to premature degenerative diseases. This degenerative process if not immediately prevented, it can reduce productivity and have an impact on decreasing fishermen's income.
Akmal, M., Kesani, A., Anand, B., Singh, A., Wiseman, M., & Goodship, A. (2004). Effect of nicotine on spinal disc cells: a cellular mechanism for disc degeneration. Spine, 29, 568–575.
American Lung Association. (2020). Tobacco Use Among Children and Teens. Lung.Org. https://www.lung.org/quit-smoking/smoking-facts/tobacco-use-among-children
Amila, Evarina Sembiring, N. A. (2021). DETEKSI DINI DAN PENCEGAHAN PENYAKIT DEGENERATIF PADA MASYARAKAT WILAYAH MUTIARA HOME CARE. Jurnal Kreativitas Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (PKM), 4(1), 102–112.
An, H. S., Silveri, C. P., Simpson, J. M., File, P., Simmons, C., Simeone, F. A., & Balderston, R. A. (1994). Comparison of smoking habits between patients with surgically confirmed herniated lumbar and cervical disc disease and controls. Journal of Spinal Disorders, 7(5), 369–373.
Armstrong, B. K., Philippe, A., Bajdik, C. D., Briss, P., Carter, R., Gruijl, F. R., Diffey, B. L., Dobbinson, S., Gallagher, R. P., Gies, P., Glanz, K., Lee, T. K., Ley, R. D., Neale, R., Reeve, V. E., Roy, C., Saraiya, M., Severi, G., Slaper, H., … Whiteman, D. (2004). Prevention of Skin Cancer (D. Hill, J. M. Elwood, & D. R. English (eds.); 3rd ed.). SPRINGER-SCIENCE+BUSINESS MEDIA, B.V.
Battié, M. C., Videman, T., Gill, K., Moneta, G. B., Nyman, R., Kaprio, J., & Koskenvuo, M. (1991). 1991 Volvo Award in clinical sciences. Smoking and lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration: an MRI study of identical twins. Spine, 16(9), 1015–1021.
Boubriak, O. A., Watson, N., Sivan, S. S., Stubbens, N., & Urban, J. P. (2013). Factors regulating viable cell density in the intervertebral disc: blood supply in relation to disc height. Journal of Anatomy, 222(3), 341–348. https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.12022
Central Bureau of Statistics of Jember. (2020). JEMBER DALAM ANGKA 2020. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Jember.
Fogelholm, R. R., & Alho, A. V. (2001). Smoking and intervertebral disc degeneration. Medical Hypotheses, 56(4), 537–539.
Handajani, A., Roosihermiatie, B., & Maryani, H. (2012). Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pola Kematian Pada Penyakit Degeneratif Di Indonesia. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan, 13(1), 42–53. https://doi.org/10.22435/bpsk.v13i1Jan.2755
Hanum, G. R., & Ardiansyah, S. (2018). Deteksi Dini Penyakit Degeneratif Pada Remaja Anggota Karang Taruna. Jurnal Abadimas Adi Buana, 2(1), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.36456/abadimas.v2.i1.a1615
He, F. J., & MacGregor, G. A. (2002). Effect of modest salt reduction on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Implications for public health. Journal of Human Hypertension, 16(11), 761–770. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1001459
He, F. J., & MacGregor, G. A. (2009). A comprehensive review on salt and health and current experience of worldwide salt reduction programmes. Journal of Human Hypertension, 23(6), 363–384.
He, Feng J, & Macgregor, G. A. (2003). How Far Should Salt Intake Be Reduced? Hypertension, 42(6), 1093–1099. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000102864.05174.E8
Indonesian Ministry of Health. (2016). Perilaku Merokok Masyarakat Indonesia (Berdasarkan Riskesdas 2007 dan 2013). https://pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/infodatin/infodatin-hari-tanpa-tembakau-sedunia.pdf
Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care. (2018). How much sun is too much? Https://Www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK321117/
Iwahashi, M., Matsuzaki, H., Tokuhashi, Y., Wakabayashi, K., & Uematsu, Y. (2002). Mechanism of intervertebral disc degeneration caused by nicotine in rabbits to explicate intervertebral disc disorders caused by smoking. Spine, 27(13), 1396–1401. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-200207010-00005
Jakoi, A. M., Pannu, G., D’Oro, A., Buser, Z., Pham, M. H., Patel, N. N., Hsieh, P. C., Liu, J. C., Acosta, F. L., Hah, R., & Wang, J. C. (2017). The clinical correlations between diabetes, cigarette smoking and obesity on intervertebral degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine. Asian Spine Journal, 11(3), 337–347. https://doi.org/10.4184/asj.2017.11.3.337
Jarvis, M. J., Tunstall-Pedoe, H., Feyerabend, C., Vesey, C., & Saloojee, Y. (1987). Comparison of tests used to distinguish smokers from nonsmokers. American Journal of Public Health, 77(11), 1435–1438. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.77.11.1435
Kemenkes RI. (2019). Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018. Kementrian Kesehatan RI, 53(9), 1689–1699.
Leboeuf-yde, C., Kjær, P., Bendix, T., & Manniche, C. (2008). Self-reported hard physical work combined with heavy smoking or overweight may result in so-called Modic changes. BioMed Central, 11, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-9-5
Liu, Y. J., Huang, G. S., Juan, C. J., Yao, M. S., Ho, W. P., & Chan, W. P. (2009). Intervertebral disk degeneration related to reduced vertebral marrow perfusion at dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. American Journal of Roentgenology, 192(4), 974–979. https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.08.1597
Livshits, G., Cohen, Z., Higla, O., & Yakovenko, K. (2001). Familial history, age and smoking are important risk factors for disc degeneration disease in Arabic pedigrees. European Journal of Epidemiology, 17(7), 643–651. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1015503329989
Lohse, T., Rohrmann, S., Bopp, M., & Faeh, D. (2016). Heavy Smoking Is More Strongly Associated with General Unhealthy Lifestyle than Obesity and Underweight. PLoS ONE, 11(2), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148563
Mattila, V. M., Saarni, L., Parkkari, J., Koivusilta, L., & Rimpelä, A. (2008). Early risk factors for lumbar discectomy: an 11-year follow-up of 57,408 adolescents. European Spine Journal : Official Publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society, 17(10), 1317–1323. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-008-0738-2
Musdalifah, Indriastuti, D., & Syahwal, M. (2020). Budaya Makan Masyarakat Pesisir Yang Beresiko Terjadi Hipertensi Pada Lansia Dini Di Kabupaten Konawe. Jurnal Keperawatan, 04(2), 1–8.
Neale, R. E., Davis, M., Pandeya, N., Whiteman, D. C., Green, A. C., & Hill, S. (2007). Basal cell carcinoma on the trunk is associated with excessive sun exposure. In Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (Vol. 56, Issue 3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2006.08.039
Rietbrock, N., Kunkel, S., Wörner, W., & Eyer, P. (1992). Oxygen-dissociation kinetics in the blood of smokers and non-smokers: interaction between oxygen and carbon monoxide at the hemoglobin molecule. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg’s Archives of Pharmacology, 345, 123–128.
Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. (2003). Salt and Health.
Sofi, F., & Rodica, M. (2016). Nutrition and prevention of chronic-degenerative diseases. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 8, 713–717. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.02.052
Strazzullo, P., D’Elia, L., & Cappuccio, F. P. (2009). Salt intake, stroke, and cardiovascular disease: meta- analysis of prospective studies. BMJ, 339(b4567), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.b4567
Sun, Y., Liu, B., Snetselaar, L. G., Robinson, J. G., Wallace, R. B., Peterson, L. L., & Bao, W. (2019). Association of fried food consumption with all cause , cardiovascular , and cancer mortality : prospective cohort study. BMJ, 364, k5420. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k5420
Sundari, R., Widjaya, D. S., & Nugraha, A. (2015). Lama Merokok dan Jumlah Konsumsi Rokok terhadap Trombosit pada Laki-laki Perokok Aktif. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 9(3), 257. https://doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v9i3.692
The American Lung Association Epidemiology and Statistics. (2014). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: National Survey on Drug Use and Health.
WHO. (2003). Radiation: Sun protection. World Health Organization, September. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/radiation-sun-protection
World Health Organization. (2006). Reducing salt intake in populations : report of a WHO forum and technical meeting.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.