EXPLORING THE UNIQUENESS OF POST SCHOOL TRANSITION PROGRAM FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES IN SPECIAL EDUCATION: A STUDY ON CURRICULUM DIVERSIFICATION IN INDONESIA
Keywords:Post-school-transition, diversification, disability, college
Students with disabilities pursuing higher education face special challenges. The research is intended to 1) identify the kinds of academic assessment, 2) analyze the implementation of the running curriculum, 3) elicite the instructional strategies upon the readiness for college admission. This study was a survey on school policy involving 39 high schools of special education in Central Java, Indonesia. Data was collected by means of questionnaire and interview of experience-based teaching aligned to the curriculum. The questionnaire was used get the data on the curriculum content and the employed instructional strategies. In addition, the interview was to get data on the impact of instructional strategy. The data from the questionnaire were analyzed descriptive quantitatively, while the qualitative data from the interview was used to crosscheck and support the resulted analysis of quantitative data . The results showed that 1) the academic assessment was
highly individualized, 2) the curriculum and instruction were diversified on the basis of students’ needs and capabilities, 3) the curriculum and instructional strategies give better impct of vocational skills rather than academic competence. The research reached the conclusion that individual and diversified curriculum and instruction impemented in special schools turn to be typical strategies in preparing the academic readiness for college admission
Carter, E,. Trainor, A,. Cakiroglu, O., Swedeen, B., & Owens, L. (2010). Availability of and access to career
development activities for transition-age youth with disabilities. Career Development for Exceptional
Individuals 33, (1), 13-24.
Creswell, J., W. & Clark, V., L. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks,
London, New Delhi: Sage Publication
Cobb, B., & Alwell, M. (2009). Transition planning/coordinating interventions for youth with disabilities: A
systematic review. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals, 32 (2),70-81.
Corey, G. (2009). Theory and Practice of Counseling & psychotherapy. Bandung: Reflika Aditama
Directorate of Special Education, (2013). Basic competence: Model of life skill syllabus for high special
schools. Jakarta: High School Directorate, Ministry of Education & Culture.
Gibson, V., & Hasbrouck, J. H. (2008). Differentiated instruction: Grouping for success. New York: McGrawHill Companies, Inc.
Gregory, G.H., & Chapman, C. (2007). Different instructional strategies: One size does not fit all. Thousand
Oaks, California: A Sage Publication Company.
Kurth, N., & Mellard, D. (2006). Students perceptions of the accommodation process in postsecondary
education. The Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 19 (1), 71-84.
Lawson, J. & Shields, M. (2014). Post-school transition-preparation for high school students with disabilities: A
vital issue for special education. Teach Journal of Christian Education, 8, (1), 52-56
Lightfoot, A., Janemi, R., & Rudman, D, L. (2018). Perspectives of North American postsecondary students
with learning disabilities: A scoping review. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disabilities, 31(1), 57-74.
Murray, C., Flannery, B., & Wren, C. (2008). University staff members’attitude and knowledge about learning
disabilities and disabilities support services. The Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disablity, 21 (2),73-90
Ormrod, J. E. (2011). Educational psychology: Developing learners. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.
Ornstein, A.C., & Hunkins, F.P., (2013). Curriculum: Foundation, Principles, and Issues. New Jersey: Pearson
Pennington, B, F. (2009). Diagnosing learning disorder: A neuropsychological framework. Spring Street, New
York: Guilford Publication, Inc.
Pierangelo, R. & Giuliani, G. (2008). Understanding assessment in the special education process. Thousand
Oaks, CA: Sage Asia-Pacific Pte. Ltd.
Rizki, U. F. (2014). Need identification of post-school transition for students with disabilities. Indonesian
Journal of Disability Studies, 1,(1),52-59
Salim, Gunarhadi, & Anwar. (2015). Differentiated instruction for children with special needs in inclusive
schools. Surakarta: UPT UNS Press.
Yusuf, S,. & Nurikhsan, J. (2008). Theory of personality. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya