The Implementation of Multicultural Value of Pela Gandong Local Wisdom in Education

  • Anju Nofarof Hasudungan Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Lianda Dewi Sartika Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: Local Wisdom, Multicultural Value, Pela gandong, Ambon Conflict Reconciliation

Abstract

Collective memory of the Ambon Maluku community towards the conflict occurred in
1999-2003 that has awakened the value of pela gandong local wisdom owned for hundreds of years
is very important to maintain. The function is also optimized to maintain the reconciliation of the
Ambon Maluku conflict that has been achieved. The Ambon Maluku community defines pela
gandong as the friendship model, fraternity system, or alliance system that was developed among all
indigenous people from two or more countries even before the colonial arrived. When the Ambon
conflict occurred, pela gandong became part of the conflict resolution. At present, the Ambon
Maluku community has expanded the function of pela gandong to various fields including education.
This study aimed to reveal the implementation of the value of pela gandong local wisdom in
education and becoming a model of multicultural education in Maluku. This study was conducted in
January 2018 at SMPN 9 Ambon with 99% of Christian/Catholic students and SMPN 4 Salahutu
Liang with 100% of Moslem students. The research method used was descriptive qualitative to
obtain the answers of the research. The data collecting techniques were literature study, interview,
and participatory observation. The results of the research showed that the implementation of the
values of pela gandong was relevant and could be integrated as a model of multicultural education.

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Published
2020-03-27
How to Cite
Hasudungan, A., & Sartika, L. (2020). The Implementation of Multicultural Value of Pela Gandong Local Wisdom in Education. Proceedings of the International Conference on Education, 5(2), 9-17. https://doi.org/10.17501/24246700.2019.5202