DETERMINANTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN A COLLEGE STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION OF SOUTH SUMATERA INDONESIA

  • Atidira Dwi Hanani Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Keywords: determinants; physical activity; college students

Abstract

Although physical activity has significant benefits for health, a lot of Indonesian people were not sufficiently active. Indonesian Ministry of Health reported South Sumatera as one of province which has a lot of insufficiently active people (26,7%). It was higher than the average number of insufficiently active people in Indonesia. Thus, examining the determinants is an important prerequisite for designing effective programs. This study investigated predisposing (knowledge and attitudes), enabling (time and facilities availability), and reinforcing (family, friends, and health professional support) factors determined physical activity for the college students in South Sumatera. This study used cross-sectional design. Data were analyzed for 50 members of the college students’ association who completed a questionnaire. Result showed 60% of respondents were sufficiently active. Chi square test revealed that knowledge (p=0,003; OR=8,0), attitudes (p=0,001; OR=21,0), and facilities (p=0,012; OR=6,5) had meaningful relationship with physical activity. There was no relationship between time availability (p= 0,636), family (p= 0,302), friends (p=1,0), and health professional support (p= 0,861) with physical activity. The findings clarified the factors that determined physical activity in the college students’ association were knowledge, attitudes, and facilities. These factors may help in the formulation of intervention strategies to make people more physically active.

References

Bauman et al, 2002, Toward a better understanding of the influences on physical activity: the role of determinants, correlates, causal variables, mediators, moderators, and confounders. Am J Prev Med. 23, 5–14.
Deliens et al, 2015, Determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in university students: a qualitative study using focus group discussions. Date of access: 01/04/2017. https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-015-1553-4
Firdaus, Mohamad Lutfi, 2015, Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kurangnya Aktivitas Fisik Siswa Smp Negeri 1 Bandung. Date of access: 01/04/2017. http://repository.upi.edu/21913/2/S_JKR_1102845_Abstract.pdf
Glanz, K., & Rimer, B. K, 2005, Theory at a Glance: A Guide for Health Promotion Practice. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health (Vol. 83). San Francisco: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. http://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.25.21.9532
Indonesian Ministry of Health, 2013, Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) 2013.
Muduli, Jyoti Ranjan, 2014, Addiction to Technological Gadgets and Its Impact on Health and Lifestyle: A Study on College Students. Date of access: 01/04/2017. http://ethesis.nitrkl.ac.in/5544/1/e-thesis_19.pdf
Quebec en Forme, 2011, Facilities For Recreational Physical Activity. Date of access: 01/04/2017. http://www.quebecenforme.org/media/5887/06_research_summary.pdf
Tak E, Kuiper R, Chorus A, Hopman – Rock M, 2013, Prevention of on set and progression of basic ADL disability by physical activity in community dwelling older adults : a meta–analysis. Ageing Res Rev. 12, 329–338.
World Health Organization, 2010, Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health.
Zourikian et al, 2011, Physical Activity, Exercise and Sports, Date of access: 01/04/2017. http://www.hemophilia.ca/files/Chapter%2012.pdf
Published
2017-12-16
How to Cite
Hanani, A. D. (2017). DETERMINANTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN A COLLEGE STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION OF SOUTH SUMATERA INDONESIA. Proceedings of the International Conference on Public Health, 3(2), 27-32. Retrieved from http://tiikmpublishing.com/proceedings/index.php/icoph/article/view/99