Adaptation and Testing of an Instrument to Measure Energy Literacy in Mexico

  • Gabriel Valerio-Ureña Tecnológico de Monterrey
  • Gerardo Castañeda-Garza
Keywords: education, society and environment, sustainable development, energy, measurement scales

Abstract

We live in a continuous dependence to energy, and yet, there does not exist a clear sight about what we know and what we ignore about energy. Energy literacy is a broad term encompassing content knowledge as well as a citizenship understanding of energy that includes affective and behavioral aspects. In this study, of quantitative nature with exploratory scope, the purpose was to create an adaptation, and application of a pilot test, of the questionnaire “Energy Literacy Survey” (DeWaters & Powers, 2009) in a sample of university students from Mexico. The method included a translation procedure, the regional adaptation and the development of the pilot test. The sample consisted in a total of 114 participants. The questionnaire was made of 64 items in three sub-scales (cognitive, affective and behavioral). Being an adaptation from an original instrument, reliability and relevance of the items were evaluated. Factorial analysis was used to evaluate the importance of the items. Affective sub-scale showed values superior to 0.5, suggesting relevance in those items, except for two items (A7 and A8). Behavior sub-scale reports as well most of its values superior to 0.5, with exception of items B4 and B10. In terms of reliability, Cronbach’s alpha was calculated. The affective sub-scale obtained 0.581, being able to increase its value to 0.652 if A5 was removed. On the other hand, behavior sub-scale obtained 0.691, being able to increase to 0.710 if one item was removed. Results of the pilot show differences between students of the faculties of science, engineering and others, as well as differences by gender. Lastly, applications for the instrument are discussed as well as some opportunities to improve it.

References

Brounen, D., Kok, N., & Quigley, J. M. (2013). Energy literacy, awareness, and conservation behavior of residential households. Energy Economics, 38, 42–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2013.02.008

CFE. Afecta falla en subestación suministro de energía eléctrica en algunas ciudades de los Estados de Nuevo León, Coahuila, Tamaulipas y Chihuahua, Pub. L. No. 8460, Comisión Federal de Electricidad (2017). México. Retrieved from http://saladeprensa.cfe.gob.mx/boletines/show/8460/

Cotton, D. R. E., Miller, W., Winter, J., Bailey, I., & Sterling, S. (2015). Developing students’ energy literacy in higher education. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 16(4), 456–473. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSHE-12-2013-0166

DeWaters, J. (2009). Energy Literacy Survey. High School Issue. Potsdam, EUA. Retrieved from http://www.esf.edu/outreach/k12/solar/2011/documents/energy_survey_HS_v3.pdf

DeWaters, J. E., & Powers, S. E. (2011). Energy literacy of secondary students in New York State (USA): A measure of knowledge, affect, and behavior. Energy Policy, 39(3), 1699–1710. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2010.12.049

DeWaters, J., & Powers, S. (2013). Establishing measurement criteria for an energy literacy questionnaire. Journal of Environmental Education, 44(1), 38–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/00958964.2012.711378

DeWaters, J., Qaqish, B., Graham, M., & Powers, S. (2013). Designing an energy literacy questionnaire for middle and high school youth. Journal of Environmental Education, 44(1), 56–78. https://doi.org/10.1080/00958964.2012.682615

Hodge, N. (2015). Energy Risks - the dangers of power cuts and blackouts. Retrieved from http://www.agcs.allianz.com/insights/expert-risk-articles/energy-risks/

Lee, L. S. (2011). Identifying energy literacy for the upper-secondary students in Taiwan. Recent Researches in Energy, Environment, Entrepreneurship, Innovation - International Conference on Energy, Environment, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, ICEEEI’11, 134–137.

Lee, L. S., Lee, Y. F., Altschuld, J. W., & Pan, Y. J. (2015). Energy literacy: Evaluating knowledge, affect, and behavior of students in Taiwan. Energy Policy, 76, 98–106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2014.11.012

Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) (2014). 7 million premature deaths annually linked to air pollution. Retrieved October 4, 2017, from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2014/air-pollution/en/

Pérez, R. O. (2017). Test conceptual de Física cuántica para estudiantes de ingeniería. Revista Electrónica de Investigación Educativa, 19(4), 35–49.

Reuters. (2017, August 17). Taiwan power outage affected 151 companies, caused $3 million in damages. Reuters. Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/us-taiwan-power-outages/taiwan-power-outage-affected-151-companies-caused-3-million-in-damages-idUSKCN1AX0S3?il=0

Schlör, H., Venghaus, S., & Hake, J. F. (2016). The FEW-Nexus city index - Measuring urban resilience. Applied Energy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.026

SENER. (2014). Estrategia Nacional de Energía 2014 - 2028. México. Retrieved from https://www.gob.mx/cms/uploads/attachment/file/214/ENE.pdf

Sharifi, A., & Yamagata, Y. (2015). A Conceptual Framework for Assessment of Urban Energy Resilience. Energy Procedia, 75, 2904–2909. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.07.586

Skamp, K., Boyes, E., & Stanisstreet, M. (2013). Beliefs and Willingness to Act About Global Warming: Where to Focus Science Pedagogy? Science Education, 97(2), 191–217. https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.21050

Trischler, H. (2017). El Antropoceno ¿un concepto geológico, cultural o ambos ? Desacatos, (54), 40–57.

Valdez, J. E., Mayo, J. C., & Ortiz, E. (2016). Uso de energía en el sector residencial. Retrieved October 4, 2017, from https://youtu.be/ryaxdZZI_TY

Valle, L. (2017, September 12). Pierde por apagón 99% de la industria. El Norte. Retrieved from http://www.elnorte.com/aplicacioneslibre/preacceso/articulo/default.aspx?id=1208058&v=3&impresion=1&urlredirect=http://www.elnorte.com/aplicaciones/articulo/default.aspx?id=1208058&v=3&impresion=1

World Nuclear Association. (2017). World Energy Needs and Nuclear Power. Retrieved October 4, 2017, from http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/current-and-future-generation/world-energy-needs-and-nuclear-power.aspx

Published
2020-08-27
How to Cite
Valerio-Ureña, G., & Castañeda-Garza, G. (2020). Adaptation and Testing of an Instrument to Measure Energy Literacy in Mexico. Proceedings of the International Conference on Education, 6(1), 01-08. https://doi.org/10.17501/24246700.2020.6101