Virtual Reality Program for enhancing significant learning in a high school human biology course

  • Jose Garza Martinez Tecnologico de Monterrey
Keywords: educational innovation, virtual reality, significant learning, academic performance, high school, human biology

Abstract

The creation of virtual environments and their implementation have been a matter of greatest importance in the last decades. They have been a breaking point for progress in different fields like communication and entertainment, being education, not the exception. Additionally, there has been uprising importance in the learning and teaching of human biology, especially through the increase of biology-related research. However, learning human biology, especially anatomy, is perceived as difficult by students. The objective of this study is to enhance the significant learning of human biology by implementing a Virtual Reality Program (VRP) in a high school biology course. The VRP used Virtual Reality (VR) devices (Oculus-Go® and Oculus-Rift®) and consisted of three stages: exploration, virtual reality lab and knowledge reinforcement. In the exploration, the students had a guided approach of the topics with a professor’s explanation; afterward, they had guided and independent collaborative experience in the Virtual Reality lab; and finally, their knowledge was reinforced in communication with the professor. A post-test only with a control group design was employed with 120 students. There were two experimental groups (63 students) and two control groups (57 students). After completing the stages of the VRP, all the groups had a final knowledge evaluation where the experimental groups obtained a mean of 77.24, while the control groups had 69.11. There was a significant statistical difference between the groups with a P<0.05 using a two-sample t-test. This proves that implementing a long-time virtual reality learning approach in high school human biology courses is effective for enhancing significant learning.

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Published
2021-03-25
How to Cite
Garza Martinez, J. (2021). Virtual Reality Program for enhancing significant learning in a high school human biology course. Proceedings of the International Conference on Future of Education, 3(01), 66-76. https://doi.org/10.17501/26307413.2020.3107